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جمال محمد صلوات - روز عرفه
 
جمال محمد صلوات
السلام علیك یا اباعبدالله الحسین
سه شنبه 23 مهر 1392

روز عرفه

نهم ذیحجه را ‏روز عَرَفه گویند. این روز از روزهای مهم برای مسلمانان و از جمله شیعیان است. گرچه عید نامیده نشده اما همچون عید خوانده شده است. از سوی دیگر از آنجا که امام سوم شیعیان حرکت خود را بسوی کربلا پس از مراسم حج آغاز کرد برای شیعیان از اهمیت بسزایی برخوردار است. همچنین زیارت امام سوم شیعیان در این روز بسیار توصیه شدهاست.«دعای امام حسین در روز عرفه» از مهم ترین اعمال این روز است که پس از نماز ظهر و عصر خوانده میشود.عید قربان پس از روز عرفه قرار دارد.

ادامه...

نامگذاری

در باره نامگذاری این روز به عرفه آمدهاست:

جبرائیل علیه السلام هنگامی که مناسک را به ابراهیم میآموخت، چون به عرفه رسید به او گفت «عرفت؟»و او پاسخ داد «آری»، لذا به این نام خوانده شد. و نیز گفته اند سبب آن این است که مردم از این جایگاه به گناه خود اعتراف میکنند و بعضی آن را جهت تحمل صبر و رنجی میدانند که برای رسیدن به آن باید متحمل شد. چرا که یکی از معانی «عرف» صبر و شکیبایی و تحمل است.


اعمال حجاج

در این روز حجاج از شهر مکه به صحرای عرفات آمده و در آنجا به راز و نیاز و دعا پرداخته و پس از نماز ظهر و عصر این دعا را در کنار کوه جبل الرحمة می‌خوانند. سپس حجاج به‌سمت سرزمین مشعر الحرام حرکت می‌کنند تا در روز عید قربان در سرزمین منا باشند.

اعمال غیر حجاج

برای این روز دعاها، نمازها و اعمال مختلفی (از جمله غسل) ذکر شدهاست که شیعیان از جمله افرادیکه در حج حضور ندارند بجا میآورند. از جمله مهم ترین این اعمال دعای امام سوم شیعیان در روز عرفهاست.

زیارت امام سوم شیعیان

یکی از مهم ترین اعمال توصیه شده در این روز زیارت امام سوم شیعیان (از دور یا نزدیک است). در مفاتیح الجنان در این باره آمدهاست:

زیارت حضرت سید الشّهداء علیه السّلام که برابر هزار حج و هزار عمره و هزار جهاد و بلکه افضل از این است، و روایات‏ در کثرت فضیلت زیارت آن حضرت در این روز متواتر است[یعنی از افراد بسیاری نقل شدهاست]و اگر کسی در این روز توفیق یابد، که زیر قبّه مقدّسه آن حضرت باشد، ثوابش کمتر از کسی‏که در عرفات باشد نیست، بلکه بیشتر و بیشتر است.

جستارهای وابسته



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